Pearl Jam Biography | Oh! Jeans Record

The journey of Pearl Jam has been a rock & roll odyssey that has taken the band from obscurity in the early 90s to being inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2014.

When I think of the Seattle band Pearl Jam, my mind immediately flashes back to the 1990s. In the late ’90s, Pearl Jam, a Seattle-based alternative rock band, formed, releasing their self-titled debut album in 1991 and went on to sell over 20 million records worldwide. 

Pearl Jam's story started like so many great rock bands, as a group of young men living in Seattle, Washington in the early '90s. They were working hard and playing hard, writing and recording songs that would go on to change the face of music. They grew and became legends, leaving an indelible mark on not only the history of rock but also American culture. 

Formation of Pearl Jam

The first song Pearl Jam recorded was called "Jeremy" and was released in 1989. Pearl Jam was formed in 1990. The members were Eddie Vedder, Jeff Ament, Stone Gossard, and Mike McCready. The band decided to form in 1990 after Vedder was thrown out of the band Mother Love Bone. At this time, Vedder had a new group called Mother Love Bone. The two groups decided to share a manager. 

On August 27, 1991, Pearl Jam started playing live shows at small venues. Their first appearance was at the Crocodile Cafe in Seattle, Washington. On August 27, 1991, the four founding members met for the first time at the Crocodile Cafe.

After Mother Love Bone broke up, it was clear that Vedder wanted to have his own band. He knew that he couldn't keep the name Mother Love Bone because there were already two bands with that name. He settled on the name Pearl Jam. He decided to get a few musicians together, and they needed a bassist to replace Matt Chamberlain, who left the band. He thought about recruiting Dave Krusen to play bass, but that didn't work out. Then, he got a chance to talk to a fan named Stone Gossard. Stone agreed to play bass for Pearl Jam. Since then, he has been a member of the band.

Early Years

After the first show, the band had a very successful gig. This encouraged them to play more gigs. For the first time, Pearl Jam performed at the Paramount Theater on August 31, 1991. They played two sets. They started their first song, Alive, which was a cover song. They played the second song, Go, in between their second and third sets. By December 11, 1991, they played at the Town Pump in Seattle. From this point on, Pearl Jam was very popular in Seattle.

On January 24, 1992, they performed at the Vogue Theater. The band didn't play their original songs but covers. Two weeks later, they played at the Showbox on February 1, 1992.

In the year 1992, Pearl Jam started to gain popularity. The reason why the band was so popular was that they were one of the top rock bands. They were also very popular among the fans. Due to their strong fan base, they were able to achieve this. The band members were also very talented musicians. They played very well together and that made them popular. 

Moreover, the band members had a variety of musical influences. Some of the influences included the Beatles, The Doors, Led Zeppelin, Bob Dylan, and The Rolling Stones.

The band released two studio albums during the 1990s, and toured and made multiple television appearances in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The band recorded two more albums for major record labels: Pearl Jam (2000) and Riot Act (2002). 

Moreover, the group signed with Epic Records in 1993 and changed its name to Pearl Jam; they released their self-titled debut album the following year. The band continued recording, releasing three more albums, including Ten (1994), which won a Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album. Besides two live albums, the group also recorded Live at the Gorge 05/06 (1999) and Yield (2007).

Albums By Pearl Jam

  1. Ten
  2. Vs.
  3. Vitalogy
  4. No Code
  5. Yield
  6. Binaural
  7. Riot Act
  8. Pearl Jam
  9. Backspacer
  10. Lightning Bolt
  11. Gigaton
  12. Let's Play Two

When Pearl Jam released its first album, Ten (Ten, 1997), in the fall of 1994, the band was signed to Seattle-based indie label Epic Records, which had a reputation for being a “creative” home for artists such as Nirvana and Soundgarden. 

The label quickly realized that Pearl Jam had a different musical vision than either of those bands. While Epic had a strong track record of success, Ten went platinum just nine months after release. Ten sold two million copies in the US and reached #3 on Billboard’s Album charts.

American alternative rock band Pearl Jam was considered one of the most popular as of November 2004. Their music is mostly characterized by its use of distorted guitars and complex arrangements. It is known for its distinctive use of drums and bass, particularly in the song “Even Flow” and the album Ten.


In conclusion, the band’s name comes from a line in the first song they ever recorded, which is “I see the end coming like Pearl Jam”. The group’s original drummer, Matt Cameron, is now Pearl Jam’s bassist and guitarist Stone Gossard is Pearl Jam’s main songwriter. In the early days, the band’s sound was influenced by bands like Led Zeppelin, Soundgarden, and Alice in Chains. 

After a number of years, the band began to find success. By 1995, Pearl Jam had signed a record deal with Atlantic Records. They released their debut album, Ten, in 1996. In 1997, the band’s second album, Vs., was released. Both albums produced four hit singles.

This biography of Pearl Jam features all the essential details of Pearl Jam's formation and rise to fame. It includes biographical info, concert history, discography, song credits, trivia, and more. Here you can find all the information you need!